Have you ever heard a loud noise like an explosion in your head when falling asleep or waking up? It’s possible that you are experiencing a condition called Exploding Head Syndrome. EHS is a rare sleep disorder characterized by sudden, loud noises or sensations of intense pain in the head. This can happen multiple times during the night and cause extreme fear and alarm. It can also lead to difficulty sleeping, as it makes people wary of going to sleep in case they experience another episode. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for EHS. 

What is Exploding Head Syndrome? 

Exploding Head Syndrome (EHS) is a parasomnia disorder that usually occurs when an individual is just beginning to fall asleep or just waking up. During an episode, they hear a loud noise such as an explosion, gunshot, roar, scream or bang inside their head. They will also feel intense pain or pressure in their head which may last from a few seconds to minutes at most. Although there is no physical damage done during these episodes, individuals may experience fear and anxiety due to the intensity of the noise and sensation in their head. 

Causes of EHS 

The exact cause of Exploding Head Syndrome is unclear but it appears to be linked to psychological stressors such as anxiety or depression. Stressful events can trigger episodes of EHS due to increased levels of hormones released during times of stress which can affect how our bodies process information while sleeping. Another possible cause could be related to changes in brain activity while falling asleep or waking up. Some researchers believe that electrical disturbances in certain parts of the brain are responsible for these episodes although more research needs to be done on this theory. 

Symptoms of EHS 

The most common symptom associated with EHS is hearing loud noises such as explosions inside one’s head when falling asleep or waking up. Other symptoms may include feeling intense pain or pressure inside one’s head during an episode as well as fear and anxiety during or after the episode has ended. People with EHS often experience difficulty sleeping due to fear that they may have another episode while trying to sleep which can lead to further complications such as insomnia and daytime fatigue. 

Treatment Options for EHS 

The first step towards treating EHS is seeking medical advice from a doctor who will assess your symptoms and provide further guidance on how best to manage them. Treatment options may include lifestyle modifications such as avoiding caffeine before bedtime, practicing relaxation techniques before bedtime (e.g., yoga/meditation), creating regular sleep schedules, and avoiding large meals before bedtime among others. In some cases medications may be prescribed such as antidepressants which help reduce stress levels leading up to bedtime thus reducing chances of experiencing an episode during the night time hours but again this should always be discussed with a doctor before taking any medication for this disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has also been found effective in managing symptoms associated with this disorder by helping individuals identify triggers for episodes and then developing coping mechanisms for dealing with them effectively should they occur again during future nights where sleep difficulties could arise due to fear associated with having another episode .


Exploding Head Syndrome (EHS) is a rare parasomnia disorder characterized by sudden, loud noises or sensations within one’s head while falling asleep or just waking up from sleep which causes extreme alarm amongst those affected by it due its intensity . The exact cause remains unclear but it appears linked psychological factors such as stress/anxiety levels coupled with electrical disturbances within certain parts of the brain when transitioning between states of consciousness . Symptoms mainly include hearing loud noises & feeling intense pressure/pain within one’s head along with fear & anxiety associated with potential future occurrences . There are various treatment options available for those affected by this condition including lifestyle modifications , medications & cognitive-behavioral therapy all tailored towards helping individuals manage their symptoms effectively & reduce fears associated with having another episode . Ultimately , seeking professional medical guidance should always be considered first when addressing issues related to mental health concerns including those surrounding disorders like exploding head syndrome.