The policy was unveiled by Earth Sciences Minister Jitendra Singh.

India on Thursday unveiled its Arctic policy aimed at deepening the country’s partnership with the resource-rich region.

The policy, titled “India and the Arctic: Building a Partnership for Sustainable Development” establishes six pillars: strengthening scientific research and cooperation, climate and environmental protection, economic and human development, transport and connectivity, governance and international cooperation, and national capacity building in the Arctic.

The policy was unveiled by Earth Sciences Minister Jitendra Singh.

India is one of 13 countries to have observer status in the Arctic Council, a high-level intergovernmental forum that addresses issues facing Arctic governments and the region’s indigenous people.

The region is of immense geopolitical importance as the Arctic is projected to be ice-free by 2050 and world powers are scrambling to exploit the region rich in natural resources.

In addition to metals and minerals, the region is also known to have huge oil reserves and is expected to become a major sea transport route in the future.

India argues that all human activities in the region must be sustainable, accountable, transparent and based on respect for international laws.

Arctic policy aims to strengthen national capacities and competences in the fields of science and exploration, climate and environmental protection, maritime and economic cooperation with the Arctic.

It seeks to strengthen institutional and human resources capacities within government and academic, research and business institutions through inter-ministerial coordination in pursuing India’s interests in the Arctic.

It also aims to further understand the impact of climate change in the Arctic on India’s climate, economic and energy security.

The policy also aims to promote better analysis, forecasting and coordinated policy making on the impact of Arctic ice melt on India’s economic, military and strategic interests related to global shipping routes, energy security and exploitation of mineral resources. .

It also aims to study the links between the Arctic and the Himalayas and deepen cooperation between India and the Arctic countries in various Arctic forums, drawing expertise from scientific and traditional knowledge.

The policy is also aimed at increasing India’s participation in the Arctic Council and improving understanding of the complex governance structures in the Arctic, relevant international laws and geopolitics of the region.

This post India unveils Arctic policy, looks at S&T research in resource-rich region

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