BMC prepared the plan in collaboration with the World Water Resources Institute and the C40 Cities Network after assessing the greenhouse gas impact and inventory of natural green cover of the capital of Maharashtra.

The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has established a comprehensive strategy to mitigate the challenges of climate change in the western coastal state of Maharashtra. Mumbai’s Climate Action Plan released Sunday is a 30-year roadmap with short, long and medium-term climate goals aiming at zero greenhouse gases or a net-zero target by 2050.

Actions are to be taken in six strategic areas, urban greening, sustainable waste management, urban flooding, energy and resource management, sustainable mobility and air quality, the Indian Express reported.

What is the Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP)?

BMC prepared the plan in collaboration with the World Water Resources Institute and the C40 Cities Network after assessing the greenhouse gas impact and inventory of natural green cover of the capital of Maharashtra. The first chapter is about the economic landscape, the ecological, cultural system of the metro. In the second chapter, a baseline measurement is made on climate change in the city, greenhouse gas inventory, and air pollution.

The plan seeks to figure out future trajectories in business and/future greenhouse gas emissions and the scope of the mitigation to reach zero by 2050. It provides an overview of ongoing environmental initiatives by departments, their action plans and gaps in the effort. The final chapter of the Action Plan is about the roadmap to achieve the goals to reverse the effects of climate change.

Why does Mumbai need a Climate Action Plan?

According to the WRI India study on Mumbai Vulnerability Assessment, Mumbai faces two challenges: extreme rainfall leading to frequent flooding and average temperature rise. The vulnerability assessment suggests that the city has experienced a warming trend. In more than 47 years with an increase of 0.25 degrees Celsius per decade for the city.

More than 40 percent of the population in Mumbai’s most populous eastern district, which occupies Govadi, Deonar, is exposed to heat stress, compared to just 0.9 percent of residents of A district. Heat stress causes the internal mechanism of the body to control heat fails and increases heart rate in the process.

Strategies have been established to address these climate challenges with mitigation and adaptation measures.

Current Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Mumbai

Mumbai’s 2019 greenhouse gas emissions were 23.42 million tons of Co2. or 1.8 tons of Co2 per person. About 20 percent belonged to the transport sector and 72 percent to the energy sector. The waste sector contributed to the remaining 8 percent. Electricity consumption contributes significantly to total emissions (64.3%), thanks to the city’s predominantly coal-based electricity grid.

How the action plan is implemented.

The implementation of the plan is completely dependent on BMC. BMC will update the inventory of greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, climate change risk assessment and strengthen existing environmental departments. BMC Climate Action Cell will share its assessment results with C40 and the City of Oslo for a one-year program to develop the climate budget.

The implementation of the pan will face challenges in sectors such as energy, regional transportation, and there are also limitations in the company’s capabilities in forest conservation and restoration. The report also emphasizes tackling these issues through sectoral and interdepartmental cooperation.


This post Mumbai Climate Action Plan: From assessment to mitigation, this is what the BMC strategy is all about: was original published at “https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/science/mumbai-climate-action-plan-from-assessment-to-mitigation-heres-what-the-bmc-strategy-is-all-about/2461650/”

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