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What We Know — Day 23: Friday, March 18

Russian forces fired missiles at an aircraft repair factory in the western Ukrainian city of Lviv in the early morning of Friday, officials confirmed. A statement from Lviv mayor Andriy Sadovyy said several missiles hit and destroyed the factory. The factory was not in operation at the time and there were no casualties.

Russian and Ukrainian military claims cannot be independently verified.

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The number of Ukrainians fleeing the fighting reached 3.1 million on March 16, the UN refugee agency reported, highlighting the growing refugee crisis.

The country hosting the largest number of refugees is Poland, with 1.9 million alone.

Map showing the total recorded arrivals from Ukraine between February 24 and March 16, 2022. The country hosting the largest number of refugees is Poland, with 1.9 million alone

On Tuesday, March 15, Ukrainian emergency services said Russian artillery hit a 16-storey apartment block in Kiev’s Svyatoshinsky district, close to the Irpin suburb where some of the war’s heaviest fighting took place. Firefighters fighting a blaze caused by the shelling rescued 35 people, but found two dead at the scene.

Map showing the latest position of Russian troops around Kiev.  Russian artillery struck a 16-storey apartment building in Svyatoshinsky . district

The UN said 549 were killed and 957 injured on March 11, amid concerns over Russia’s indiscriminate attacks on civilian infrastructure and facilities and the use of siege warfare.

Joanne Mariner, director of crisis response at Amnesty International, told the Financial Times on Sunday: “Given the patterns we see, we can say with a fairly high degree of certainty that Russian troops have committed war crimes.”

Map animation showing civilian and military attacks by Russian troops in Ukraine

On March 13, 35 people were killed in a Russian airstrike on a Ukrainian base just 15 km from the Polish border. The attack on the military base, which had been used by US forces to train Ukrainian soldiers, was the latest in Russia’s increasingly immediate threat that NATO’s continued support for Ukraine risks becoming a hostile combatant in the war. NATO’s military presence has expanded across Europe in recent years, with troops in countries such as Poland, Romania and Lithuania.

Map of Europe with NATO member states highlighted in blue with locations of various military presences (multinational forces, air and naval forces and other military) labeled.

On February 28, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan indicated that he would invoke a clause in the 1936 Montreux Treaty that allows Ankara to curb the passage of warring naval ships through the Dardanelles and Bosphorus. “We have the authority and we have decided to use it in a way to prevent the crisis from escalating,” he said.

Map showing the Dardanelles and Bosphorus at the entrance to the Black Sea

Russia’s multiple invasions suggest that the plan is to advance south from Belarus to Kiev, encircle Ukrainian forces in the east and split the country from the Russian border to the Black Sea.

Map showing how the Russian invasion of Ukraine may proceed

On February 22, Russian President Vladimir Putin recognized the separatist governments in Luhansk and Donetsk, two provinces in Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region, and ordered Russian troops to enter them. On February 24, Moscow launched a large-scale invasion of the country.

Map showing the areas of Luhansk and Donetsk controlled by Russian-backed separatists and Moscow

Sources: Institute for the Study of War, Rochen Consulting, FT research

Cartography and Development by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S. Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith and Martin Stabe. Based on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kiev, Guy Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels


This post Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in maps — latest updates was original published at “https://www.ft.com/content/4351d5b0-0888-4b47-9368-6bc4dfbccbf5”

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