Russia started a war against Ukraine on February 24, prompting the US and other Western countries to impose extremely harsh economic sanctions on the country.

Russia’s share of arms imports to India fell from 69 percent in 2012-2017 to 46 percent in 2017-21, according to a report released Monday by the Stockholm-based defense think tank SIPRI. Russia started a war against Ukraine on February 24, prompting the US and other Western countries to impose extremely harsh economic sanctions on the country.

“Between 2012–16 and 2017–21, Indian arms imports fell by 21 percent. Despite this, India was the world’s largest importer of major weapons in 2017-21, accounting for 11 percent of total global arms imports in the period,” the report said. Russia was the largest supplier of major weapons to India in both 2012-2012. 16 and 2017-21, but India’s imports of Russian weapons fell 47 percent between the two periods as several major Russian weapons programs were halted, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) report said. This, combined with India’s increased efforts to diversify its arms suppliers, meant that Russia’s share of total Indian arms imports fell from 69 percent to 46 percent, it said.

By contrast, India’s arms imports from France have more than tenfold, making it India’s second-largest arms supplier in 2017-21, it said. Because of perceived mounting threats from China and Pakistan and significant delays in manufacturing its own major weapons, India has large-scale arms import plans, it noted.

“The decline in India’s arms imports is therefore likely a temporary consequence of the slow and complex sourcing process and shifting of suppliers,” it said. Globally, Russian arms exports fell by 26 percent between 2012-16 and 2017. –21, and its share of global arms exports fell from 24 percent to 19 percent, it noted. Russia supplied major weapons to 45 states in 2017-21, it said.

Unlike the US, Russian exports were more concentrated in 2017-21, as four states — India, China, Egypt and Algeria — together received 73 percent of Russia’s total arms exports, it noted. 2012–16 and 2017–21 were almost entirely due to the declines in arms exports to India (–47 percent) and Vietnam (–71 percent),” it said. completed by the end of 2021, several major Russian arms shipments are still pending, including eight air defense systems, four frigates and one nuclear-powered submarine to India, it said.

Significant increases in Russian arms exports to China (60 percent) and Egypt (723 percent) — the second and third largest recipients of Russian weapons, respectively — did not offset the overall decline in arms exports, it noted. In 2017-21, both China and Egypt received air defense systems and combat aircraft from Russia. “SIPRI identified 163 states as importers of major weapons in 2017-21. The top 5 arms importers – India, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Australia and China – together received 38 percent of total global arms imports in 2017-21,” it noted.


This post Russia’s share of arms imports to India fell from 69% in 2012-2017 to 46% in 2017-21: Report was original published at “https://www.financialexpress.com/defence/russias-share-of-arms-import-to-india-fell-from-69-in-2012-17-to-46-in-2017-21-report/2461393/”

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